Bitcoin Halving 2024: The Ultimate Guide

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Author: EarnBIT

Translation: vernacular blockchain


In April 2024, Bitcoin will undergo another halving, an event that occurs every four years that cuts miner rewards. The evolution of market structure supports the widely expected rise. This halving cycle is fundamentally different than before, and our guide summarizes common price predictions and unique drivers.

1. Bitcoin’s halving cycle

Halving rewards will correspondingly reduce the number of newly mined Bitcoins. This happens after every 210,000 blocks, creating a four-year price cycle. Previous halvings occurred in 2012, 2016 and 2020.

“The total issuance will be 21,000,000 coins. They will be distributed when network nodes generate blocks and will be halved every four years. The first four years: 10,500,000 coins. The next four years: 5,250,000 coins. The next four years : 2,625,000 coins. Another four years: 1,312,500 coins. And so on..." — Satoshi Nakamoto, Cryptozoology Mailing List, January 8, 2009

This event will reduce profitability for miners, who use custom hardware (application-specific integrated circuits, ASICs) to process transactions. According to CoinDesk, mining a block profitably will require at least $10,000 to $15,000 in 2023. After the halving, the cost could surge to $40,000 per coin.

2. When is the Bitcoin halving time in 2024?

The reward will be reduced from 50 Bitcoins per block to 6.25 Bitcoins and will further shrink to 3.125 Bitcoins on April 19, 2024. You can watch the countdown with the Bitcoin Halving Countdown Chart here .


Bitcoin’s four-year price cycle. Source: Pantera

3. Impact on price: in the context of Bitcoin halving

While the scarcity narrative is important, there are other factors at play besides shrinking supply. In theory, lower inflation should boost demand, but the actual price impact is likely to be limited.

The slower rate of coin production reduces the inflation rate while ensuring that the supply of Bitcoin remains limited (21 million coins). This non-inflationary nature appeals to cryptocurrency enthusiasts: unlike fiat currencies and gold, Bitcoin is not subject to central institutions and natural reserves.

Lower rewards promote the health and sustainability of the network. According to Dig1C0nomist, the annualized energy consumption is 141.46 TWh, equivalent to the energy consumption of the entire Ukraine, and the carbon footprint is similar to Oman (78.90 Mt CO2).

Bitcoin is also affected by factors other than the rate of supply expansion. These factors include drivers within and outside the blockchain industry: regulation, the Federal Reserve’s monetary policy, geopolitics, and more.

According to the efficient markets hypothesis (EMH), if all traders are aware of the halving, the effect must already be reflected in the price. However, as Warren Buffett said more than thirty years ago: "Investing in a market where people believe it is efficient is like playing bridge with someone who has been told that there is no benefit to reading the cards."

As Grayscale points out, changes in the supply structure are the only certainties. The halving brings Bitcoin close to its maximum supply, creating challenges for all miners.

That is, Bitcoin’s scarcity is also programmable and therefore known in advance. Models that tie it directly to price increases may be flawed. Otherwise, Litecoin (another cryptocurrency that undergoes halvings) would continue to rise after each halving, which is not the case.


Litecoin’s halving cycle. Source: NYDIG

4. Historical perspective: macro background

Previous halving events have been accompanied by factors that emphasized Bitcoin’s fundamentals as an alternative store of value, or helped it benefit indirectly.

In 2012, the EU was suffering from a profound debt crisis. By November 2013, Bitcoin surged from $12 to $1,100.

2016 was a year of junior coin issuance boom, with more than $5.6 billion flowing into other cryptocurrencies. By December 2017, Bitcoin rose from $650 to $20,000.

Inflation concerns were high in 2020 amid the coronavirus pandemic. By November 2021, Bitcoin surged from $8,600 to $68,000 and hit an all-time high of $69,044.77 on November 10. The perception that it is a safe-haven asset plays a significant role.

Bitcoin Halving 2024: Looking for Clues from Past Performance

Past performance is no guarantee of future results, and as we've shown, the factors at play aren't limited to cryptocurrencies. However, past halving events provide some clues about possible scenarios.

High and low times

In theory, Bitcoin rebounds from its lows long before a halving, typically 12-16 months before the halving event, according to CoinDesk. Analysts at Pantera estimate that the bottom usually occurs 477 days before the halving event.

The upward trend will continue both before and after the halving. The post-halving rally lasted an average of 480 days (ending at the subsequent bull market high).

This time, the lowest point occurred before the expected date (December 30, 2022). It happened on November 10th ($15,742.44).


Bitcoin halving rally. Source: Pantera

If history repeats itself, the market will cease by the end of 2025, according to Pantera’s communications.

Bitcoin Halving 2024 Prediction: Back to $69,000 Soon?

In the past three halving cycles, Bitcoin has gained more than 30% in the first eight weeks. As Marcus Thielen, founder of 10x Research, noted, during that time, Bitcoin’s gains averaged 32%.

Given that the current price is $52,456.77, if the same trend repeats, the price will return to the all-time high of $69,000. Thielen added that this possibility increases “the closer we get to Bitcoin’s halving.”

Daily RSI

10xResearch reported on February 19 that the daily RSI (relative strength index) had exceeded 80. This momentum indicator measures the speed and variability of price movements, and when the index reaches 70, it means strong upward momentum.

Historically, when the RSI exceeds 80, it indicates a gain of more than 50% over the next 60 days. The last time Bitcoin’s 14-day RSI reached such highs was in December 2023. As of February 22, it was 70.88%.

5. Bitcoin Halving 2024 and Spot ETFs

This year, Bitcoin’s rise has been supported by the adoption of spot Bitcoin ETFs. To date, these exchange-traded funds, which enable investors to obtain investment income in Bitcoin without directly holding Bitcoin, have attracted a total of more than $5 billion in net inflows.

This inflow of funds not only supports high investor sentiment, but also alleviates selling pressure from block rewards (i.e., all newly mined Bitcoins may be sold in full).

According to Grayscale’s calculations, at the current output of 6.25 Bitcoins per block, the annual selling pressure amounts to $14 billion (based on a price of $43,000). After the 2024 halving, the total will be reduced to $7 billion, so less buying pressure will be needed to offset selling pressure.

Spot Bitcoin ETFs have absorbed “almost three months’ worth of potential post-halving selling pressure.” This took only 15 trading days.


Cumulative inflows into Bitcoin ETFs. Source: Farside Investors

6. Forecast for 2025: Bitcoin price after halving will reach US$150,000 to US$200,000

The market usually rises in the period leading up to Bitcoin’s halving in anticipation of the move. As of February 22, 2024, experts and research institutions are generally optimistic, predicting that Bitcoin will have an average price range of $150,000 to $200,000 by mid-2025.

Bitcoin’s order book liquidity is at its highest level since October 2023, albeit below levels seen before the FTX crash. Unless demand drops (as is currently the case), reducing the supply of new Bitcoin will surely boost its price. Some analysts say a new all-time high has already begun.

Bernstein said the pre-halving behavior reflected the coming supply crunch and growing demand for spot ETFs. The company expects prices to "hit all-time highs in 2024" and peak at $150,000 in mid-2025.

Skybridge Capital founder Anthony Scaramucci expects Bitcoin to reach a high of $170,000 or higher in July 2025. He told Reuters in January:

“Whatever the price is on halving day in April, multiply that by four and it will reach that price within the next 18 months.”

Scaramucci used a conservative starting point of $35,000 (the price at the time of the halving) when calculating $170,000. Based on the current price of $52,000, this scenario would take Bitcoin over $200,000.

Meanwhile, the pioneering cryptocurrency should be worth half the market value of gold, according to his long-term estimates. This would require market capitalization to grow from about $1 trillion today to about $6.5 trillion, equivalent to a more than 6-fold increase.

Skeptics: More drive needed to reach all-time highs

Rachel Lin, co-founder and CEO of SynFutures, said that the halving is “unlikely to trigger a full-blown bull run” unless cryptocurrency adoption grows significantly, “which alone will not be enough to bring Bitcoin back to nearly $69,000.” peak, let alone exceed it.”

However, due to the US election, local regulators may be less "headline-seeking" at this critical time. As a result, cryptocurrencies may not have much negative news to dampen investor enthusiasm in the future. This could pave the way for the next bull trend.

Factors to watch in the short and medium term

The halving is a medium-term positive. CCN’s Peter Henn summarizes the positive and negative factors Bitcoin may face in the coming weeks and months.

Growth in institutional adoption was the main positive factor, along with a price rebound and positive technical indicators. However, adverse changes in regulatory policies and the macroeconomic backdrop, such as rising inflation, may affect market sentiment.

Warning factors in the medium term include regulatory policy and other competing cryptocurrencies, including central bank digital currencies (CBDC). Hacking attacks and other security breaches can damage trust in the market.

Over the next 1-2 years, Bitcoin is also likely to rise on improvements to the Lightning Network and its strengthening status as a store of value.

Bitcoin Halving 2024 and Miners

As long as the economic incentives are sufficient, miners will continue to secure the blockchain. Therefore, the Bitcoin price must be high enough to offset the costs during and after the halving.


Hash rate reaches all-time high in 2023. Source: Glassnode.

Large miners are actively hoarding Bitcoin, and according to Taras Kulyk, founder of SunnySide Digital, “the halving is already factored in by most companies” because “they have been anticipating and incorporating the halving price into their Predicted”.

At the same time, miners with higher electricity bills and less efficient equipment may eventually have to shut down operations, given their hardware investments and overhead expenses. Improving operational efficiency will be crucial to continue operating and reaping benefits after the halving.

Methods to increase efficiency include purchasing more advanced equipment, selling Bitcoin holdings on-chain, and conducting equity issuances. Canada-based Hut8, for example , is making its mines more efficient through custom software and looking to acquire more power plants. After its recent merger with USBTC, its hash rate has almost tripled to 7.3 exahashes per second.

Marathon Digital, the number one listed miner based on actual hashrate, launched a hybrid equity offering totaling $750 million. Core Scientific recently closed an oversubscribed $55 million equity financing round to restore debt solvency. The company is also focused on keeping its hardware online, making the most of available equipment.

However, CEO Adam Sullivan believes that the Bitcoin network has “self-healing properties” and will continue to incentivize miners. As more miners shut down and the hash rate drops, the difficulty of the proof of work will also decrease. This can compensate for the increasing speed and fluctuating node running interest.


Bitcoin mining difficulty chart. Source: CoinWarz.

Mining difficulty is a moving average of the average number of blocks and increases when blocks are generated too quickly. As a result, the network automatically adjusts, with leavers releasing larger block shares to reward stayers. Mining became even more profitable for the remaining participants.

7. Rising transaction fees and miner income

The 2024 halving takes place after the launch of Bitcoin Ordinals. This protocol supporting Bitcoin NFTs (mementos) brings new use cases, driving an increase in transaction fees and developer activity. These effects provide additional reasons for optimism about the profitability and sustainability of mining.

In November 2023, the craze for Ordinals pushed Bitcoin transaction fees to a two-year high (over $37), making it surpass Ethereum’s gas fees. Since then, souvenir fees have accounted for more than 20% of miners' income.

As of February 22, 2024, Bitcoin is one of the top three blockchains by NFT transaction volume. In December 2023, it became the leader. The Ordinals campaign is therefore a novel way to incentivize miners and maintain network security through higher transaction fees.


The growth of Bitcoin memorabilia fees. Source: Glassnode.

High transaction fees have sent share prices of listed miners soaring. In late 2023, these companies saw huge profits as miners earned almost four times the two-year average.

Since then, the fee has dropped to just over $4. However, mining stocks like Marathon Digital (MARA) and Cleanspark (CLSK) have outperformed Bitcoin over the past three months, rising 116.57% and 231.28% respectively. They may also respond positively to solid stock market performance.


Market capitalization of the top ten Bitcoin mining stocks. Source:

Top mining locations

According to data from the World Population Review, as measured by cumulative hash rate, in 2023, the United States leads with 35.4% , followed by Kazakhstan (18.1%), Russia (11.23%), Canada (9.55%) and Ireland (4.68%). China was once the second largest mining location, but it banned Bitcoin mining in 2021, causing miners to move to Kazakhstan.

Concerns about environmental restrictions

Bitcoin mining remains extremely unsustainable – in 2023, Bitcoin mining will consume as much energy as the entirety of Australia, or seven times Google’s annual energy consumption (91 terawatt hours).

In the United States, Bitcoin mining’s share of electricity demand ranges from 0.6% to 2.3%, equivalent to the electricity consumption of an entire state, such as Utah. Earlier this year, the U.S. Energy Information Administration required all U.S. miners to report detailed reports on their energy use. The agency’s report states:

"Concerns raised with the U.S. Energy Information Administration include stress on the electricity network during periods of peak electricity demand, potential electricity price increases, and impacts on energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions."

Major news outlets such as The New York Times have drawn attention to the “public hazard” posed by large-scale mining operations. The Biden administration has been critical of cryptocurrencies, with the U.S. Energy Information Administration highlighting that soaring prices have incentivized more mining activity, leading to increased electricity consumption.

Meanwhile, New York state has implemented a two-year ban on new mines opening unless they rely entirely on renewable energy. In Texas, miners are paid when they curtail operations during periods of peak energy demand as part of a "demand response" program.

8. On-chain indicators: long-term positive signs

Finally, let’s look at two technical indicators that provide an overall view of Bitcoin and potential price action.

MVRV Z-score

MVRV is an oscillator that compares Bitcoin’s market value to its realized value, or its spot price to its realized price. This chart visualizes market cycles and profitability, helping to spot periods when coins are undervalued and overvalued.


Bitcoin’s MVRV Z-score chart. Source:

As the market matures, Bitcoin's peaks, volatility, and returns become less intense. Against the backdrop of growing adoption of this pioneering digital currency, its realized price growth has slowed compared to past cycles. As a result, incremental gains are more likely than explosive surges and have better long-term growth potential.

At the same time, a large portion of Bitcoin has been accumulated by holders. Supply to long-term holders reached an all-time high at the end of 2023, and whales continued to show confidence in the asset this month.

9. Corridor of Power Law

The Law of Power Corridor shifts the focus from the current price to whether Bitcoin is overbought or sold. This charting tool creates a channel consisting of two parallel lines at the lower and upper limits of a price range.

Crossing the midline indicates an overbought condition, while the opposite indicates an oversold condition. An upward break above the bottom line signals the possibility of further growth, and Bitcoin typically reaches mid-line levels within 1-2 months.


Bitcoin Halving 2024 Price Prediction: Law of Power Corridor Projection for February 17, 2025. Source:

According to James Bull, overbought conditions typically last about 1.5 years (a strong bull market), while massive bear market cycles last 2.5 years. However, the model also has its detractors. As its creator Harold Christopher Burger stated:

"It is admitted that Bitcoin follows a power law on a temporary basis. Furthermore, there are other factors besides time that should affect Bitcoin's price, such as its scarcity," however, "In a log-log plot, the power law The fit is getting better and better, which shows that this model may be valid."

10. Summary

Before and after each halving, Bitcoin’s price is driven by multiple factors beyond scarcity. The 2024 halving event takes place against the backdrop of massive Bitcoin ETF inflows, increased on-chain activity, strong momentum, and overall market maturity.

As the macro environment improves, including expected Federal Reserve rate cuts, Bitcoin seems destined to emerge in the corridors of the law of power. It has been through its longest bear market, and large miners have braced themselves for the consequences of the halving of rewards.

Our price prediction for Bitcoin’s 2024 halving

EarnBIT’s analysis team believes Bitcoin will rise to $55,000 to $60,000 before the halving, with a full-year range of $32,000 to $85,000. Past performance is no indication of the future, and new black swan events are always possible, but so far the overall environment appears to be conducive to growth.


Disclaimer: The content above is only the author's opinion which does not represent any position of Followin, and is not intended as, and shall not be understood or construed as, investment advice from Followin.
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